(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Some Observations Concerning the Organs of Generation, Made by Dr. Edmund King. a Fellow of the R. Society, and by Dr Regnerus De Grieff, Physitian in Holland; Which Later Occasioned the Publishing of the Former"

(1403) 

Concerning the Organs rf Generation , ma^e hj Dr. Edmaad King^ 
a Fellow of the R. Society j andhj DrR^gn^x\isde Gvitfi^Phy'^ 
fttianinBplUndy which later cccafsoned th^ ^Mfhing of the 
former, 

7 he obfewations of the forme^L m Jhall here declare y as he 
frefented them m writing to the R. Soc. the 17th <?/ December 
1 658 5 which tvas as follows > 

YOa may remember 5 that about 5. weeks fince I brought 
the Tefiiculos CunictdorHm marium difle^ed ia feveral 
iliipes r, which app ar'd to ftveral 01 this illuftrious Company, 
asweilas tomyfclf, cobs indeed made up of Veffdsj and 
I then had particularly fhow'd them to M. Hook and fome o- 
thtrs, and the manner how they lay 5 whofccmM to be fully 
fttisfied by the help of a good Glafs, they then made ufe of. 
And being defired ^ to give in the Account in writing , lean- 
not but affirm here 5 that I find the V^fiTels in the Tefies of this 
kind of Animals to lye in round folds, in the manner of the 
little inttflinsj but both ends of each roll meeting at their {n- 
fertion, whxh feems to be made into the Dnifm Nervofm: 
And every one of thefe little rolls ar? very curioufly embroi-i 
dered with other vellcls^which I Judge to be Veins and Arte- 
ries by reafon oft hdrreddifli colour^ appearing in them even 
f3 the bare Eye, ' 

Thefe little rolls ly in ranges , hainng a kind of vni^i'mity 
not unpleafant to behold by a good light. But I do not mean, 
that every oneoftheferol'sis one tnnretube, b^tcHiiUls of 
manytiibss, befidcstheCid Embroidcrvot Veines ana Arte- 
ries: Fjr, whenlcuitoaeof the faid rolls tranlVe fe^ the:e 
feecn'd to me ( and fo, I rappofe, wil it do to any y that think 
it worth examining ^ ) 5* cJ, or more diftmd tubts n one rol! ^ 
contained as 'twere 5 iti one common mernkmi^U^ but tf^s 
fine texture and renderoersofthcmisfuch^ that they will n^t 
adm;t of expanfion in fucha manner, as (ome other Teflcs 
wiil^ andefpeciiliy as that of a i?.ii# is faid to doe by Dr de 

F I f f f 2 Graeff 



Gfdtff ( if we miftake him not ^ ) yet if it 'Hiall ipprare J that 
they are really made upof veiTels, thongh of never fo many 
lorts 5 I humbly conceive you will noc think the Experiment 
loft 5 becaufe I fuppofe the chief thing intended by thefe trials 
tobe^ th2t it may be well known , what indeed the Body of 
the teftes is made or • Whether indeed it be s Congeries oi Vef- 
f^!s and Liquors without any intermediate fubftance , as was 
slTertedby me to many of this Honorable Company^ feverai 
years agoe^ ccacening moft if not ai! parenchymous pares ^ 
wh;th wasinfertedia Namb. i8 of the?/;. Tranfacfions^ iiact 
wliichtlme I have made fiverJlEKperiments of t"e fame knd^ 
about the Te^es ^ the Pa^crc^ , and other fo efttem'd Glands ^^^ 
and as fjr as I have examined them ^ I find them to be oaly a 
Texture office Tubes or dufts , with mere o: lefs liquor^ with- 
out any other fubftance. 

B'it perceiving , the Tcfics offcveral Animals to be varioufj 
compofed and intertext^ l^wctQdQdadTe/licuhs Tauri^whiAi 
I have diflftiSed and ordered feveral waycs • fame boyled, o- 
thers broiled 5 others infufed in Spirit of wine , hot and cold 5 
C^^. and upon th: befl: examination, I can m ike , I cannot fee 
any of this intermediate fubilmce^ or indeed any thing eife, 
that is not Veflfel or Liquor. 

Now in obtfdi^nce to your c^mands, I hive added another 
Exoeri nent. sndthat isT^/?/V//// humani. (theexad knowledge 
of vt'hofe fabrick we fuppofe to be chiefly sinned atin this kind 
oflnqu'ry,) hoping to prove it ckarly, and pa haps to put it 
outof difpute 3 That k is nothing elf:.^ luii Congeries of Vef* 
fcls of various forts ^ aadrheirfcv-ral Liquors 5 and thit there 
isnofoch thiig as sn intermediate fubftince( by what namelb- 
ever \i be calFd •,) And to de nonftrate this^ I think^it will evi- 
dently appcare to the ba^e Eye 5 by what 
""secvig^ urthkhfepfi* I have here expanded, "^ which is the 

^!n ^hS'J^^Zhh!\ ^^''«e genu*n2 fubftance re(licult humani, 
of th/fj^mi ui\\% after the I mean , theB)dyofit^ atter the Tu- 
fjmemmr.cf wiib ihk m -^^^ alhimnca IS removed, without any 

additiotior dmiinut on ^^ excepting only 
what Liquors aredryed up during the time of the Expanilon^ 

which coiuiuQC be prevented in making fuch aSchemeofir^ 

as 



h this 15. And this Is continaed from one end to the othe r of 
theGbfSj on which y u Tee it exhibited ^ in feveril places ^ 
without bre kin; 5 which break ing yet does not at all prcjuci^e 
the truth of ch s Expei i nent. And although I had not time to 
open every part , which you fee f o be like that ful^ftance 5 I dt - 
m t, yet I can o d^v it fo , as to lliow you with eafc^ that that 
alfoi nothing but Crngeries of Vejflels 5 as aforefaid^not yu 0- 
pencd ^ fix on vyhat part you pleafe. 

And if ic fli :uld be obje(^ed ^ that this may be drawn out in- 
to /^r/^/^g'Vtflelsj whichyet n^ay not he really fuch* I an- 
fvver ^ that thefe VtiTels have the fame appearance in the Body 
ohhe Tefl is ^ as to denote them fuch^ before they arc draw^a 
outi and in the cxtenfion it does fometimesfo happen ^ that 
one of them w 11 extend eafily near halfe a yard long, before ic 
breaks , though fo ex ending delicate and tender , as you may 
imar ine : And when it is thus extended , it hath a kind of re- 
fembl mce of the corrugations of the Epididymis ^ and keeps the 
fame figureand magnitude in the whole extent of them^ as to 
the fight 5 unufs they begin todry^and then you may fee them 
loofe their giratiom upon ftretching : as you may fee of both 
forts on the Giafs above mentioned. 

And ifthegrea.teft part of thefe VefiTelsare Arteries^ or other 
V^ff dSjthat immediately rece've liquors from them-I may prove, 
I think, from another Ex )eriment 5 made by Injection into|a 
part of the ^r/m4fr^/4r/^;?j,bs:forel began to expand the Body 
of the Teftis •, whereupon opening the part, which IfaW dif- 
coloured , I found, that many of thefe Tubes had received fom« 
of the fine particles of that matter . wh:chl tinged my InjMed 
Spirit with. 

And to prevent another Objedion, that might arife, ^iz. 
That thefe particles might poffibly change their colour only 
cutwardly j lufed other endeavours to afliire my fclf, that the 
faid particles were indeed included within the Cavities of thefe 
tubes. In the doing of which, I did moiftt n thofe two Tubes 
wich Spirit of wine , to fee whether that would remove or a!- 
ler thoie particles 5 but finding no fuch thing , I prickt m o- 
pen*d with a fine needle part of the containing tube 5 v ere- 
»pon I faw iflue forth fevf ral of thofc liquid partidcsafore- men- 
tioned 



tioned t Which affares me farther chat this is a mere Scheme or 
Coageries of veffcis, 

I have made feveral other Experiments of this kind ? about 
other parts of the Body 1 not to mention ch^ Mafcks, Heart, 
and Kidneys 5 beaufelfuppofej that few men will now under- 
take for a fdrenchym^i in them. An i »is I have opporcimity , I 
fliall ftiew 5 I hope 5 that all forts of Glands ( fa called ) are nor- 
thing elfe but Veffels (and their Liquors ) variouily wrought, 
and receptacles of feveral Liquors for divers ufes % the d iffc^rence 
ofwhich alters their Colour 5 Co fiftence c^^. MymeiningiSj 
that there is in no reputed G/^/^i^ny other thing, t^ati in the 
Body of the Teftis , n)iz. 7^ hat it hath not this or that inter- 
mediate fubftancejbnt that the Liq^ior^jreguUrly come an i goe 
to ani through them in fine tubes(in fachand fuch heaps and 
figu es 5 as may make them appeare fo and f(>form'd in feveral 
parrs or the Body 5 where they are fckuated 5 ) As alfo^ that 
the more confpicuous Veffels of the Body have other vefTeJs, 
that help to makeup their Coats, apJ fervcfor the nouriHi- 
ment ot the fame, befidesfuch, as import or export thofeli- 
quors/or the conveyance of which they weredefigned for com- 
mon ufe. But of this hereafter, ascccafionfliili ferve, 

Sofarr Dr King: As to Dr. de Graeffy we Hull deliver 
what he lately imparted to us upon this fubjed:^ m his own 
words 5 extraded out <f his Letter dited ^ulji%. 1669. ac 
Delft I accv)mpmied^//;^ Tefikuh Gliris ^([oluto ^ &tranfmi[l& 
mS^iritu vm% rcprefcntea in Fig. IL 

^md Clar. D, Clarck ait ^ Se farenchyma (^quod piccum 
qtund^m demtari dicit affufum vel effufnm & aliquomodoconcretum 
i'4 vafcukrum ^' fhilUrum inter (litiis ^ ) in Te^iculis viorum (^ 
diorum etiam animalium , teftimonio [enfuum cflcndere po(fe ; he 
Bgo^ facet ant iwri dixero ^ nonnifi Autopfia edoSius admittere 
fofjum. ^andoquidem fdpisfime Homimm alsorumque Animi- 
Itum te^iculos^exceftis tenuis fimis qmbu^dam memhramlu ^ it^ 
di^dvenm^ utneumhta qmdemfahs fare^chjmatis remmeret % 
imb ^ qmd magis e^ , quorundam Ammdmm te^iculos it a difol- 
n)i^uf vifm acie n^ qmdemmcmbramds ilia confficcrentur^ Et ut 
^erha medfacfis €omfr0htm ^ mitt§ adTe Gliris te^iculmnme^ 
m§d4 diffolutum '^ M vide as ^ m GlaniuU tales i^ TefUbusC^qim- 

ks 



(so47) 

ks fnfdnu cUr, Dn* Clark in Epift, fm^ iS, Maji. iS6^^ 
^rdnfdBiomhus Phikf^phids hjerta ) vet etiam Parenchjma fakj 
qt^a!emEpi(i. fm lo, Maji^ i66g, defer ibit ^ reperiatur. Jn 
huncfcri modt^mreliquorum Animdium Tefiiculos difehcre pof- 
pirn > ck tdmen diver fitate , ut in mnnnllorum Teftibus altqu^ 
membranu!^ tenuis ftm^ J & in quorundam ^ radtx praterea Epidi^ 
djmidis Highmori rcmmicat. 

So fair thefe two induftrious Phyfitkts^ which though it 
looks very fair to evince , that the Te^esoi Animals are made 
op of nothing bmVtflHs and their liquors , yet doth our Lear- 
ned and Inquifitive Dr. TimethjcUrck ^ and divers other In- 
genious and expert Anitomifts and Phyficians ftill doubt, whe- 
ther tfratbefo indeed , confidering that not only it cannot be 
denyed^ that this curious heap of Strings orfuppos'd Veffels 
wasatfirft cov'redallover wWi a Mucous matter (which in 
fo fine and tender a part may well be thought to ferve fora/4- 
renchymA ^ ) but tlfo that Monfieur deCraefmuH himfelf grantj, 
that in the faid part there arc found ccrtaiafmalM mbrans be- 
fides thofe VefTtls , he is alferting-fuch another fubftance being 
conceived to be highly neceflary to ferve for a medium , where- 
by that compounded liquor, which from the greater V^ff 1 paf- 
feth into the minme arteries , nerves and lympheduds of the 
ttftes^ may befecretei, and according to the different nature 

and figm-coftheirfevcral particles conveyed into thofe fcvcral 
fmall and fubtil v flfels. 

An Extract of a Letter 
Written b) the Learned Dr. William Darfton , Fhjpian at Pli- 
mouth , to the Right Bmordle the Lord Fice- Comt Br unckcr 
^s Prefdent of the R. Society 5 concerning a verjfudden andes^ 
ces five Swelling ofafVomans Br e a (is. 

My Lord 

IN^>bedience to the common ^s ofthe'Rieht Honorable the 
Lord Ambr^fTidour f( r Barbary^ I prefent y U' Lordfliip 
with a Fhdmonenon iin: matDr oi Udi in Nature^ wh'cli, for 
its rarity and piodigioulnefs, may, with aleffcT check to mc fiom 
your Lordfliip for the pr Jymption ^ and a kifcr regret for the 

ivocaiion., 




STOR 



Philosophical Transactions 



Please note: Due to an error in the print volume, the page numbering in 
this article may contain either page numbering skips, or page numbering 
repetitions, or both. However, the article content is presented in its entirety 
and in correct reading order. 



Please click on "Next Page" (at the top of the screen) to begin viewing 
the article.